Between the period of reconstruction and towards the end of 19th century, the United States experience transformation of economy that was marked by the development of large-scale agriculture, the growth of industrial economy and emergence of national Labor unions. During this era, manufacturers and merchants were able to increase their production due to the growth of the industrial economy (Thompson). High production led to low prices for goods and division of labor.
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Many Republican artisans started their own business after they faced out by industrialization. Laws were made to illegalize labor union movements, but the efforts of these unions were able to champion for better wages and working conditions.
Thompson, Michael. The Politics of Inequality: A Political History of the Idea of Economic Inequality in America. New York: Columbia University Press, 2012. Print.