The foreign, defense, as well as other national security policies of the United States of America are developed, coordinated, articulated and implemented in a very sophisticated and well-defined way. The process begins internally with federal agencies that are responsible for national security and culminates with the president making the decision. The president has a smooth functioning policy development and decision-making there are no laws and regulations that regulates how this decision will be made but there is a broad outline.
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According to administrations, these agencies reports to the National Security Advisor or the Chief of Staff who answers to the president. In the United States, it is obvious that the President, as the Commander-in-Chief of the defense forces is the principal security policy maker.
Bolton, M. K. (2008). U.S. National Security and Foreign Policymaking After 9/11: Present at the Re-creation. Washington: Rowman & Littlefield.