Thesis-support essay presents an analytical discussion on mass incarceration in the American criminal justice system. The term “mass incarceration” was coined by scholars and sociologists to describe the rapid increase in the imprisonment rates in the United States in the last three decades.
According to Henderson (2013), currently, the US has approximately 500 inmates for every 100,000 residents (Henderson, 2013), amounting to about 7 million offenders (Shay, 2012).
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The media has also contributed to this denial by repeatedly justifying and applauding the war on drugs for the perceived benefits.
Consequently, to remedy these flaws, I recommend increased public education especially among marginalized communities and more scrutiny of the sentencing and incarceration procedures. Additionally, there should be increased study of this topic within law schools.
On the other, many authors consider mass incarceration as a form of social control attributable to neoliberalism, failed economic policies and seditious “tough on crime” political rhetoric (Henderson, 2013). Still others attribute this phenomenon to racial inequalities within the criminal and justice system as a result of the failed war on drugs.
Evidently, there are various explanations regarding the development of the American carceral state. However, its implications on various areas of American Law make it an important subject of study.
Consequently, this paper reviews major research articles on this subject, with an aim of understanding of this phenomenon. In addition, this paper will present a discussion on the findings as well as a conclusion.
Alexander, M. (2010). The new Jim Crow: Mass incarceration in the age of colorblindness. New York: The New Press.
Foster, H., & Hagan, J. (2009). The mass incarceration of parents in America: Issues of race/ethnicity, collateral damage to children, and prisoner reentry. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 623(1) , 179-194.