After the 9/11, policing shifted to homeland security planning. Policing started focusing on the prevention of terrorism and establishing response efforts. Community policing is critical in preventing terrorist attacks and developing response efforts such encouraging citizens. Community policing is critical in building trust between law enforcers and the community. This way the community provide the police with intelligence relating to terrorist attacks actions (Lee, 2010). Terrorism changed policing in the U.S. the government invested more in security. Since it was clear that there were homegrown terrorists community policing became important to enhance local police involvement.
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Changing the manner, styles and philosophy in policing has improved effectiveness in the police. Community policing is removing the bureaucracy in making decision it decentralizes decision making allowing police on the ground to come up with relevant problem solving solutions and address main problems affecting a certain community (Braga & Schnell, 2013). Moving towards community policing will also enhance the relationship between the police and citizens. This way the community share information with police and police are able to conduct their duties with ease without meeting with hostility. Changing police strategies and policies will also broaden the services of the police. The police can now deal with other issues besides crime control. The police are now involved in the reduction of fear. Reduction of fear is imminent in terrorist attacks whose primary target is to create fear.
Braga, A., & Schnell, C. (2013). policing Strategies: Lessons learned from the Smart Policing
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Lee, J. (2010). Policing After 9/11: Community Policing in an Age of Homeland Security. Police
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