The Stafford Act
The Stafford act, according to Nagin & Johnson (2010), also referred to as the Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance. It is the act of legislation that was enacted in 1974 and amended in 1988 by the Congress. The Stafford Act is a legislative act by the president. It is aimed at providing governance to the federal government on the matters of the financial and physical responses through FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency). It also offers guidance in issues of disasters and emergencies in the United States of America (Frontline).
The Federal responses are normally implemented by the contributions from around 28 agencies of the federal state of U.S and certain NGOs like the American Red Cross. The Stafford Act was named after Senator Robert Stafford, who helped in the passing and amending of the law both in 1974 and 1988 respectively.
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Mitigation, federal coordination and recovery on a long-term basis shall be implemented and realized. The reform has provided the president with the directional ability in appointing the Officer of Federal Corporation so as to carry event which are multi-state in nature and thereby quickening the federal response. This will consequently help in the mitigation of Oil spill in Gulf of Mexico as well as providing a long-term recovery strategy for the clean-up process realization.
The framework strategy will be a useful catalyst for the communities and families of the Gulf Coast during recovery from the event of oil spill. It will also improve their morale (Nagin & Johnson, 2010).
FEMA. (2013). Stafford Relief and Emergency Assistance acts as amended.
Frontline.(n.d.). The Stafford Act