There has been an enduring debate on what constituted the Renaissance. Essentially it was an intellectual and cultural moment that impacted society and politics of the late 14th century and lasted until 17th century (Cole, 2000). According to most sources, Renaissance is derived from French word “rebirth” (Pater & Beaumont, 2010). It was a period in European civilization that was characterized by human interest in Classical learning and values. The Renaissance period was marked by many dramatic changes that were surrounded by new beliefs and inventions (Hay, 2002). These changes were much different from the Middle Ages, where church was the most powerful and economy relied on the agriculture. There was no exploration and learning in the Middle Ages (Pater, 2011). The trend changed in the Renaissance period when society became dominated by the central political institution that had commercial attitudes. People curiosity rose above their earlier fears as they started to explore a new world leading to the discovery of new continents.
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Culture played a crucial role in influencing Renaissance as the church was the schoolmaster of the Middle Ages. Although the Utopia of modern world that provides all people with equal opportunities to social, economic, political and intellectual privileges has not be realized, it is clear that path to humanity takes the same direction as the Renaissance (Pater, 2011). Providing equal opportunities and breaking enduring hierarchies is impossible but with the same path as the Renaissance, future civilized man will not lack opportunities destined to him by nature.
Baskins, C. (2013). Popes, patriarchs, and print: representing Chaldeans in Renaissance Rome. Renaissance Studies, 28(3), 405-425. doi:10.1111/rest.12034