The Personality Theories of Freud, Jung, Rogers, and Maslow

The study of personality is among the major topics of interest in the field of psychology. There are many personality theories, most of them fall under four major perspectives. These perspectives on personality try to describe the various patterns in personality, they also explain how these patterns are formed as well as how people differ on an individual level. The key systems evolved by psychologists and psychiatrists since Sigmund Freud to describe human behavioral and mental processes can be said to be personality theories(Ellis, Abrams & Abrams, 2009).

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Many elements of Abraham Maslow theory of personality agreed with Carl Roger theory. Maslow developed a personality theory that impacted various fields differently. According to Maslow, people struggle in an attempt to enhance their level of capability (Schultz & Schultz, 2012). Individuals are always struggling to reach their limits of creativity, their peak reaches of wisdom and consciousness. Humans who have this tendency for self-actualization are labeled as healthy personalities or fully functioning persons (Dweck, 2000). Maslow claimed that individuals are motivated by a hierarchy of needs.

Boeree, C. (1997). Personality theories. [Shippensburg, Pa.]: C. George Boeree.

Ellis, A., Abrams, M., & Abrams, L. (2009). Personality theories. Los Angeles: SAGE

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