The morphology and syntax of the Arabic language
The Arabic language is a widely spoken language that is descendant from the classical Arabic of the 6th century. The language is spoken across the horn of Africa, North Africa and the Middle East in several variety of Arabic. Its literary form is called the Literary Arabic or Modern standard Arabic while the spoken form involves a variety of dialects. Modern standard Arabic is utilized universally in the Arab speaking territories as the official form of the language and it is also the Arabic utilized in formal events by speakers and in news broadcasts. Arabic as a language is classified under the Afro-Asiatic family (Fromkin, 2000).
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Yes and no questions in Arabic are answered in two ways. This is done in form of the two particles which are hal and the hamza. The two particles represent in an equal manner to all the auxiliary verbs that get used to answer yes and no questions in English. The yes and no question particles must always be used at the start of the sentence for instance in the use of the hal, the particle is employed in affirmative sentence questions. The answer to this should always be either in the affirmative na’am or in the negative la. In the case of the negation la, the verb which comes after must be in the negative case.
Ackema, P., & Neeleman, A. (2004). Beyond morphology: Interface conditions on word formation.