The Monroe Doctrine.
The Monroe Doctrine: In November, 2013, the US secretary of state John Kerry announced at the Organization of American States that a policy that had governed US relations in the western Hemisphere particularly Latin America for almost 200 years was officially terminated.
The policy known as the Monroe Doctrine after the US’s fifth President, James Monroe, dictated that the United States considered as acts of aggression, any attempts by any European nation to colonize any sovereign states in North or South America.
Kerry’s statements came at a time when relations between the US and Latin America have been challenged by issues such as the decision of the Ecuadoran government to grant asylum to Edward Snowden and subsequent coercive approaches adopted by the US congress
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unilateral military incursions, embargoes or supporting failing regimes in the region. A good example also is how the US and the Obama administration dealt with the decision by Russia. To help Venezuela to build a nuclear reactor, opting to stay out of the issues.
In conclusion, while it is too early to speculate, the renunciation of the Monroe Doctrine demonstrates the recognition by the Obama administration of the effectiveness of soft power in maintaining regional hegemony as compared to military power.
As such, it remains to be seen the ripple effect of such a decision on the overall US foreign policy. In other regions of the world such as Asia, which has relied heavily on this doctrine.
Bingham, Hiram. “Latin America and the Monroe Doctrine.” The Yale Review 99.3 (2011): 17-30.
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