The legal and ethical perspective as it relates to counseling someone considering abortion
The legal and ethical perspective as it relates to counseling someone considering abortion: Abortion is a critical issue of concern all around the world. Abortion policies spark controversy within the society and is constantly under debate, which is centered on two perspectives that are pro-life and pro-choice. Indeed, abortion is a common practice, with statistics showing that approximately one out of three women in America conduct an abortion by the time they reach age 45.
Traditionally, the decisions regarding abortion were centered on values regarding the sanctity of human life. However, today, emphasis in decisions related to abortion are focused on considerations regarding the right to health and individual choice. Attitudes about abortion are often strong and outspoken to the extent that the social impact on clients contemplating abortion is extensive.
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While competence is a core element in the beneficence principle, incompetence is fundamental to the principle of non-maleficence. According to this principle, incompetence may predispose counsellors to malpractice charges, when they fail to offer good and effective professional practice. Accordingly, counselors in abortion counselling must commit themselves to remain cognizant of client and self-values persistently, and to discharge their duties competently.
They must use their professional mandate to protect and promote the welfare of their clients (Welfel, 2010). Indeed, counselors may potentially face legal action in abortion cases where they offer counseling with insufficient skills, offering false information, and providing negligent referrals (Corey, Corey, & Callanan, 2010).
American Counseling Association . (2014). 2014 ACA Code of Ethics. Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2013). Abortion Surveillance 2010. MMWR, 62(8).
Corey, G., Corey, M., & Callanan, P. (2010). Issues and Ethics in the Helping Professions. Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning.