Stroop experiment:It is a task that explains the Stroop effect. According to the Stroop effect, there is a relationship between time and naming of colors. When a name of color is depicted by ink of the same color, it takes a short time to say the name of the color. But if the name of the color is not presented by ink of the same color, its takes a long time to say the name of the color. (Golden, 1978, p.15). The effect was published for the first time in 1935 and was named after John Ridley Stroop. The test has been used to evaluate a person’s psychological abilities. The Stroop experiment involves one test divided into three different tests.
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The Stroop effect seeks to explain why participant take different time to name colors that are provided in different scenarios. The factors that affect the naming of the colors are semantic interference and semantic facilitation. But there are other factors that try to explain that the two factors are not the only reasons why the participants delayed in saying the name of the colors. Such theories include; automaticity, processing speed, parallel distribution and selective attention.
Dormal, V., Seron, X., & Pesenti, M. (2006). Numerosity-duration interference: A Stroop experiment. Acta psychologica, 121(2), 109-124.
Golden, C. J. (1978). Stroop colour and word test. age, 15, 90.
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