State and federal prison systems

State and federal prison systems

State and federal prison systems

In the U.S., there are two prison systems that are used in enforcement of the law and those that act as correctional facilities on the law offenders. The systems state and the federal prison systems. The American federal prison system was established in 1930, characterized by the formation of the Bureau of Prisons (BOP) and subsequent building of the federal detention facilities. Acute rise in violation on the federal laws necessitated the introduction of this system (Roberts, 2007).

State prisons system consists of correction facilities that are maintained as well as taken care of by the state authorities. Criminals sent to serve their time in state prisons are those who commit offences such as murder, rape, possession of illegal arms.

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The correction programs should not be ones that make them hardcore. The state should also invest more public awareness programs that educate the citizens on the importance of law-abiding.

The U.S. government can increase the level of security in the state and federal government by increasing the ratio of inmates to guards so that one guard can be assigned fewer inmates for monitoring. The government through the prison management should introduce high-level control systems to make sure that there are no loopholes for the inmates to take advantage of them.

References
Bosworth, M. (2002). The U.S. federal prison system. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage Publications.

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