Social Disorganization Theory (Shaw and McKay) v. General Theory of Crime (Travis Hirschi)

Social scientists and criminologists look at different aspects when trying to negate factors that cause people to deviate from the group and social norms with regards to their criminal behavior. There are social theories that are developed in effort to link behavior patterns to social-economic control and social factors. One of the social structure theories is social disorganization theory that assert that crime occurs when the mechanisms of social norms control are weakened.

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Less powerful individuals such as workers tend to break economic and political domination in the capitalistic society with the intentions of reorganizing the society along the lines of mass democratic control and collective ownership. Both theories assert that deviant behaviors result from political, social and material inequalities in the society. People engage in deviant behavior in the effort of changing their situation and act against their oppressor. Social disorganization theory connects crime to the neighborhood settings, where the environment a person lives influence the possibility that an individual will be involved in criminal activities.

Work Cited
Payne, Brian K. Crime and Elder Abuse: An Integrated Perspective. Springfield, Ill: Charles C Thomas, 2005. Print.
University of Minnesota. The Utilization of Social Disorganization Theory to Explain the Variance in the School Performance of African American Students. ProQuest, 2006.

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