Similarities and differences between Freud & Adler
Adler worked together with Sigmund but later worked on his own coming up with theories that differed with Sigmund Freud’s theories on personality. However, both Adler and Freud’s work was important, and it is used today to develop modern psychology. Adler’s work notably contributed to psychology because he influenced Albert Ellis and Abraham Maslow, who came up with hierarchical needs theory, a very paramount theory today. Adler respected Freud theories and followed some of the ideas, but he opposed some of the theories.
Adler opposed Sigmund’s segmented parts id, ego and superego and maintained that human being must be understood as whole and holistic being. Adler brought in new ideas such as inferiority complex theories. To compare and contrast Freud and Adler theories, it is important to summarize the personality theories, point out similarities and differences, and explain why Adler was the preferred theorist.
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Adler focused on understanding individuals within a social context (Putnam, 1917, p. 12). He addressed paramount societal issues such as equality, parenting, birth order, holism and lifestyle. His theories have been put into practice and have proven to be very useful in human development and therapy. According to Adler, people are motivated to act well when they are appreciated (Crandall, 1980, p. 2).
When children are not recognized, they can engage in bad behavior. Parents are encouraged to make children feel significant and loved to help them cope with difficult child behavior. Adler also believed that past experiences influenced human behavior (Crandall, 1980, p. 5).
Cloninger, S. (2013). Theories of personality: Understanding persons (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ:
Crandall, J. E. (1980). Adler’s Concept of Social Interest: Theory, Measurement,and Implications for
Adjustment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 1-15.