Risk factors associated with Juvenile violence
According to Valois et al. (2002), violence and aggression in adolescents is precipitated by a constellation of contributing factors that may be called risk factors. These factors are; situational, community, individual, neighborhood, family, peer related and school or educational factors. The authors believe that prevention intervention programs attempted should be based on theory, multicomponent in nature as well as multisystem.
Their recommendation is that the intervention should commence in middle school and continue until the child is in high school. The study conducted here was based on comprehensively studying earlier research material related to the improvement of juvenile wellbeing.
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The study could have ben adequately conducted using the Early Assessment Risk List for Boys Version 2 (EARL-20B) and the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY) assessment tools to investigate the relationship between the two variables.
The longitudinal study was conducted over a two year period and involved more than 5000 juveniles which makes the selected instruments very suitable for this sort of research. The conclusion of the study was that there was in fact a relationship between violence on juveniles and their acting violently later on.
Valois, R. F., MacDonald, J. M., Bretous, L., Fischer, M. A., & Drane, J. W. (2002). Risk factors and behaviors associated with adolescent violence and aggression. American journal of health behavior, 26(6), 454-464.