Pollack has written that many boys are currently struggling with low self-esteem, feelings of loneliness and isolation, and aggression. While their academic performance and self-esteem are low, the rates of suicide and depression are on the rise. The world has for a long time concentrated on the plight of girls in adolescence. Pollack also discovered that boys also suffer similar gender identity crisis way before they reach the adolescent age. Research has it that male infants are more emotionally expressive that the female infants.
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In summary friendship, individual differences, schools and sports all affect the development of the boy child as these characteristics are sometimes used by the society gauge the masculinity of the boys. For instance, the more aggressive sports like rugby and boxing are left to the boys sending a message that being tough and violent is not wrong for the boys.
Pollack, W. S. (2006). The “War” For Boys: Hearing “Real Boys’” Voices, Healing Their Pain. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 37(2): 190-195.