Pros and cons of cochlear implants
A cochlear implant is a surgically placed electronic device which helps a person with hearing defects to hear. It gives deaf people or impartially deaf people a sense of sound. Deaf people might have hearing defects because of damaged sensory hair cells in the cochlea. People whose hearing defect is because of such a reason can get their defects fixed by a cochlear implant so that they can have better understanding of speech.
However, people who have cochlear implants do not hear perfectly. They receive a low quality of sound as less information is received and processed by the brain. In 2012, about 324,000 people from different regions of the world received cochlear implants with more than a third of this population coming from America (Waltzman & Roland, 2006, p.105).
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It is the reason schools for the deaf and sign languages have been developed. Therefore, protagonists who advocate for cochlear implants to be done on people with hearing defects have no reason to do it. Their arguments that it enhances the sense of hearing, it enhances the safety of deaf people, and it enables deaf people to engage in the mainstream world are not strong enough to support cochlear implants.
To worsen the issue, some individuals with hearing defects are forced to have cochlear implants by their friends and family members. Cochlear implants are an insult to the deaf community, and they should not be used on people with hearing defects in trying to enhance their sense of hearing.
Chute, P. M., & Nevins, M. E. (2002). The parents’ guide to cochlear implants. Washington,
DC: Gallaudet University Press.