Progressivism during the late 19th and early 20th century in America
Progressivism during the late 19th and early 20th century in America: The Progressivism movement in the United States was a social movement that advocated political reform and social activism in the period between 1890s and 1920s. The aim if the progressive movement was to abolish corruption in all government department by undercutting and exposing political machines with their leaders and promote direct democracy in the country. In addition, the progressive movement aimed at controlling monopolistic trust corporation through antitrust laws, and an effective way of promoting competition that benefited all consumers.
Progressive leaders aimed at perpetuating liberal reform in order to bring general conservatism, where their concern with the expansion of government powers, distribution of wealth, competition and the social welfare of American citizens.
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State reforms another concern where governors assisted in pushing for reforms to be implemented in their states in the effort of making the state government more responsive to the needs people. State reforms advocate for privacy in the election process as a way of ensuring citizens cast votes without party bosses knowing their favorite candidate, empower voters to decide if a proposed amendment should be passed, allow voters petition for state legislature for the purpose of considering desired bill by citizens.
The two major turning point were at the state and federal level. At the state level, reformers changed state politics making progress reached fullest expression, which resulted to the establishment of anti-lobby laws that were directed towards large corporations, primary law and banking control measure at the state level.
Brinkley, Alan. “Richard Hofstadter’s The Age of Reform: A Reconsideration.” (1985): 462- 480.Richard Hofstadter, “The status Revolution and progressives Leaders” in The Age of Reform: From Bryan to F.D.R. (New York: Vintage,1955), 134.