Post traumatic stress disorder and cognitive behavioral therapy
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder refers to a reaction a victim has after being exposed to an event, which is beyond the normal human experience. Additionally, it is usually a normal human reaction to an abnormal situation. Therefore, researchers have established that different people have different reactions to different situations (O’Donohue, Carlson, & Benuto, 2014). Therefore, a situation needs not be life threatening for someone to reveal the symptoms of trauma. Thus, it only has to be perceived by the victim as a traumatic event, which makes it a psychological phenomenon.
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However, some medication can be in use to assist with most side effects of PTSD such as hyper arousal and sleeplessness. Unfortunately, there is yet no simple explicit solution a complex phenomenon like PTSD. Thus, the PTSD victims have to confront their ordeals through repetition of this confrontation, learning to accept their traumatic experiences as part of their past, and move on. However, counseling and cognitive behavioral therapy can help to find an easier path through the trauma and set a survivor on the path to healing.
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Brown, A., Testa, M., & Messman-Moore, T. (2009). Psychological Consequences of Sexual Victimization Resulting from Force Incapacitation, or Verbal Coercion. Violence Against Women, 15(8): 898-919.
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