Plato’s Gorgias (466-481)
Gorgias is a complete reading of virtue founded upon an inquiry into the nature of art, rhetoric, sovereignty, justice, moderation, and evil versus good. Socrates seeks out the true meaning of rhetoric, trying to identify the embodiment of rhetoric and expose the faults of the ambiguous rhetoric prevalent at the time.
In the writing, Polus says that the power is as good as its possessor contradicting Socrates opinion that orators are venerated worthless and nicknamed flatterers in their cities (21c-22c). According to Socrates, people do evil for the things that do a good to them (c23).
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In this intellect, for example, an autocratic leader lacks realistic power, since he must execute activities good for the nation. Moreover, the inquiry swiftly leads to an explanation of what is the wickedest evil an individual can do, with the ultimate resolution that no wrong deed outdoes that of perpetrating wrong and evading justice.
In this lies the writing’s initial proposition of a primary inquiry of wrong and right, a concern that finally results in a plotting of virtue.
Plato’s Gorgias. 1864. 1st ed. Cambridge: C. J. Clay. M.A at the University Press.
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