Pathological diseases of the musculoskeletal system

Pathological diseases of the musculoskeletal system

Pathological diseases of the musculoskeletal system.

Pathological diseases of the musculoskeletal system: The musculoskeletal system (consisting of muscles, bones, and joints) shapes the structure that keeps the body all together, allowing movement, and at the same time supporting and protecting all the interior organs.

The causes of musculoskeletal conditions are birth defects, degenerative diseases, injury and systemic disorders. The common conditions include _ Paget disease of bone, Myasthenia gravis, arthritis, muscular dystrophy, and tendonitis (Gross, 1996).

Paget diseases is a chronic disease that causes enlargement of bones, resulting in thickening and weakening of bones and distorting of long bones; also known osteitis deformans. This disease usually interrupts the body’s normal bone renewal and repair process .

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Treatment of arthritis include, orthopedic equipment’s to fix deformities, superb nourishment with mass loss if necessary etc. Symptoms in the case of rheumatoid arthritis will include fatigue, faintness, low-grade fever, sunrise stiffness, joint ache, and redness of two joints.

The fourth disease of musculoskeletal condition is muscular dystrophy which is a progressive hereditary disorder affecting the musculoskeletal system and, later, other organs. The skeletal muscle fibers of individuals with dystrophies are structurally unusual from those of other individuals.

This disease is characterized by gradual atrophy and weakness of muscle tissue. Currently, there is no cure for it. The final disease is tendonitis which result inflammation of a tendon, usually caused by injury or overuse. Incorrect pose or poor stretching or training before exercise or participating in games, also buildups a person’s risk.

References

Gross, J. M., Fetto, J., & Rosen, E. (1996). Musculoskeletal examination. Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell Science.

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