Neurophysiology/ Neuropharmalogy of Antidepressants

Antidepressants refer to the medication used in the treatment of mental health illnesses such as depression. People who suffer from the mental diseases are subjected to the intake of antidepressants. The mode of action of the antidepressants defer based on the varied targeted regions. Mental illnesses are those that affect the brain. Antidepressants are those that are effective against depression (Dowrick, 2001). In most instances, depression can be caused when there is an elevated amount of neurotransmitters such as serotonin in the central nervous system. The treatment options of most of the antidepressants are based on controlling the effects of the neurotransmitter by binding to the receptors (Artigas et al., 2001, Al-Omari 2013, Cipriani 2012).

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Advancements in scientific research have enabled the discovery of drugs that have been instrumental in the treatment of depression. The condition has adverse health effects on those affected negating the need to identify potential means of countering the disease. Thanks to research, many antidepressants are currently available in the market to help relieve symptoms of depression. Despite the positive effects of using the drugs, it is important to consider the health effects that result from its continued use.

Al-Omari, A., Cowan, J., Turner, L., & Cooper, C. (2013). Antidepressant prophylaxis reduces depression risk but does not improve sustained virological response in hepatitis C patients receiving interferon without depression at baseline: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, 27(10), 575–581.

Artigas, F., Nutt, D. J., & Shelton, R. (2001). Mechanism of action of antidepressants. Psychopharmacology bulletin, 36, 123-132.

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