About 15,000 to 20,000 years ago, toward the end of the final ice age, societies that were most favored by climate and physical geography started to make the evolution from the lengthy period of savagery, Old Stone Age, or Paleolithic to a more sustainable and settled way of life relying on agriculture and animal husbandry. This transition period, or New Stone Age well known as the Neolithic Period, led to raise in population eventually, advancement in the size of societies, and to the emergence of urban life.
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It is known to us as the Neolithic Revolution sometimes because the rate at which technological innovation advanced, political organization and human social endured a consequent increase in convolution.Stone was the material that offered its name to these eras and a technological unison of prehistory is ston.Starting around 7500 B.C.E. a number of human cultures progressively became reliant on domesticated animals and cultivated crops to ensure their food security supply. Later in the Middle East around 3500 B.C.E., the primary civilizations emerged. The increases in human population also facilitated changes in food production.
Bairoch, Paul. Cities and Economic Development: From the Dawn of History to the Present.
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