Law of Utility
Law of Utility:The principle of utility states that behaviors and actions are morally right if they enhance pleasure or happiness, and wrong if they promote unhappiness or pain. Mill describes morality’s essence as to bring about a certain state of the universe. Mills is convinced that this is the most important way to define morality. He uses an example to show the consequences-based understanding of morality. He uses lying in his example; that if a person lies, it will cause five more people to lie about it. He poses a question whether the first lie was morally right. One should save the rest of the five people from lying by avoiding it, so as to bring out the best. Hence he makes a conclusion that the most essential function of great morals is to bring out the best from the relationship and living of the people. In other cases, that’s not Mill’s, may argue that the best state in the world is not brought about by morality.
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Therefore, this mode of thinking had no position in the modern world. He saw that while women contributed almost half of the population, which was not allowed to participate in society contribution would lead to human development redundancy. Mill objected to women discrimination so as to enhance human development even in schools and all other institutions, as they would contribute to ideas that would lead to great human development.
Greenspan. “Mill’s Principle of Utility.” Faculty of Philisophy 1996: 1-9. Document.
Idaho State University. “Study Guide: John Stuart Mill’s Ethics.” Article. 2000. Document.
Mill, John Stuart. “On the Subjection of Women.” Mill, John Stuart. 1869. Chapter 1. Document.
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