Language Acquisition, Structure and Function
Language Acquisition, Structure and Function:Language involves a system of symbols and rules used together for meaningful conversation. A language must meet certain conditions for it to be meaningful. The first one is using symbols which include sounds, gestures, Characters, actions and events (Butler, 2003).
The symbols enable people to refer to objects in a different place and refer to events that occurred in the past or different time. Second, a language must be understood by all the users of that language. Third, the symbols of the language can be arranged to form a meaningful message (Butler, 2003).
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Based on the conditions of language, a language has a hierarchical structure which includes phonemes, morphemes, phrases, and sentences that communicate meaning. A phoneme is indivisible, and it is an abstraction of speech sounds.
Jean Piaget suggested that children learn language through accommodation and assimilation. Assimilation is the process through which children alter their environment to suit existing ideas whereas accommodation is the process of changing an idea to adopt to a new environment (Jordens, 2012).
Butler, C. (2003). Structure and Function: Approaches to the simplex clause. Chicago: John
Engberg-Pedersen, E. (2000). Content, Expression and Structure: Studies in Danish Functional
Grammar. Chicago: John Benjamins Publishing.
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