How did the idea of crusade change from the time of the original expedition to the Holy Land?
How did the idea of crusade change from the time of the original expedition to the Holy Land?: Crusades were military expeditions that were carried out by Christians between 11th- 14th century with the aim of recapturing the Holy Land from the Muslims. According to Gladysz (2012), the term ‘crusade’ derives its meaning from Latin word “cross” which is a reference to the restriction by the Bible that Christians should carry their cross. The Crusaders were dressing in red cloth that was cross-sewn on their tunics as an indication that they had they had taken up their cross and were soldiers of Jesus Christ.
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There were many compound reasons that caused the crusade, but prevailing religious beliefs were apparently of central significance. The crusaders carried on with ancient custom of the pilgrimage to the Holy Land. During the crusades, the crusaders took on a dual responsibility as pilgrims as well as warriors. These armed pilgrimages were performed so as to recapture Christians’ sacred places. This is because the Muslim militia had conquered areas such as Syria, Persia, Rhodes, Cyprus, and were targeting to attack Rome, which was heavily occupied by the Christians (Madden, 2004, p.56).
Gladysz, M. (2012). The Forgotten Crusaders: Poland and the Crusader Movement in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries. BRILL.
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