Hobbes, 3rd law of nature asserts that it isn’t enough merely to create contracts, but that people are required to adhere to the contracts they make. The law is the basis for the “Justice” concept. Though the contract amid a Master and Servant in the little Kingdom is not enforceable, this third law provides a platform that makes it valid. However, because of the desire of humans for power, there always exits the incentive to breach the contract, in spite of the third law’s logic. Despite this it is in the best interest and a natural mandate for humans to preserve their own lives. Therefore it would only be best to adhere to contract.
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This arrangement is different from the state of nature, in which force and intimidation are the only ways disagreements are resolved, in that it is in the best interest for humans to endeavor for peace according to the first natural law. The second natural law continues to assert that it’s only logical follows upon the obligation to seek peace: People must reciprocally divest themselves of certain rights (for instance, the right to take the life of another person) so as to escape the natural war state. Therefore, it would only be in the best interest and logical to stick to the contract so as to create an environment that is peaceful or free from the state of war. Peace is therefore more important than personal interest or benefits, which ultimately cannot materialize if peace is absent.
Zagorin, P. (2009). Hobbes and the law of nature. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press.
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