Fjord is a narrow inlet with deep sides created by glacial erosion. The word originated from Norwegian to English, but in many cases it is used to refer to a narrow body of water other than the specific English meaning. The coast of Norway has several fjords in Iceland, Greenland, British Columbia, Alaska, Washington and Chile. A fjord is formed when a U-shaped valley is cut by a glacier with ice segregation and abrasion in the surrounding bedrock. When the glacial melts, it is accompanied by the rebounding of the earth’s crust with the removal of the eroded sediment and ice load. The ice load is also known as the isostasy or glacial rebound. There are cases where this rebound becomes fast that seal level rise. Most fjords are much deep than the adjacent sea.
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Fjords are natural resources that result from natural factors. These have been the main source of revenue to countries like Norway among other countries. They have been a main source of tourist attraction, and the magical nature of the fjords remains attractive to the eye. They are a source of adventure offering opportunities for short and long walks.
Lee, P. (2003). The Rough Guide to Norway. New York: Rough Guides.
Berezin, H. (2011). Norway Travel Adventures. New Jersey: Hunter Publishing, Inc.
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