All exceptionalities vary during the period of diagnosis. Exceptionalities like downs syndrome can be recognized during pregnancy by an ultrasound test or a blood test. During birth, it is recognized because of the physical defects it causes on a child. Mostly physical exceptionalities are the ones that are recognized at birth. Some exceptionalities identified after birth include: autism after 6 months, deaf-blindness, emotional disability, orthopedic impairment, multiple disabilities, intellectual disability, hearing impairment and developmental delay, visual impairment, traumatic brain injury, and specific learning ability.
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Some training programs in place for parents are Raising Your Challenging Child and Relationship Development Intervention (RDI™) (GuidingExceptionalParents, 2015). Parents also have support groups such as Spring 2015 Parent Groups that teach parents how to nurture their child (Vanderbilt Programs for Talented Youth, 2015).
Dunst, C. J., Trivette, C. M., Raab, M., & Masiello, T. L. (2008). Early child contingency learning and detection: Research evidence and implications for practice. Exceptionality, 16(1), 4-17..html