epidemiology

Marburg Virus Disease (MVD) which was formerly known as the Marburg hemorrhagic fever, is a viral disease related to the Ebola virus and also marked by severe bleeding followed by organ failure and in many cases death. The virus lives in animal hosts and human beings can contract the virus from the animals. After the first transmission occurs, the virus can then be transmitted from person to person through body contact and exchange of bodily fluids as well as from infected needles (Rougeron et al. 2015).

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During convalescence, the common complications that can arise include; inflammation of the spinal cord, eyes, parotid gland, testes and bone marrow as well as recurrent hepatitis. Patients that are at the highest likelihood of dying exhibit extensive hemorrhage into the internal organs, mucous membranes, stomach and intestines (Rougeron, et al. 2015). They also have swelling of the kidneys, lymph nodes, spleen and most adversely the brain. The patients then go into a coma, experience convulsions and finally die. Death as a result of shock occurs within 6-9 days after the onset of the observable clinical symptoms.

References
Bausch, D. G., Borchert, M., Grein, T., Roth, C., Swanepoel, R., Libande, M. L., … & Rollin, P. E. (2003). Risk factors for Marburg hemorrhagic fever, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Emerging infectious diseases, 9(12), 1531.

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