Employment is a crucial need for most people because it is source of income, hence crucial to meet basic necessities. However, underprivileged groups such as ex-offenders experience discrimination in hiring decisions because of their criminal history. Many prisoners are incarcerated in State and Federal prisons.
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Policy makers can ensure their Medicaid is covered upon imprisonment so they become eligible when their prison term expires For example, New York’s Medicaid Suspension Legislation suspends Medicaid for citizens entering jails and prisons with prior Medicaid permits and enrollment and instant reinstatement upon release. Furthermore, access to affordable housing is also one of the the greatest challenge that ex-offenders face reentering the workforce. However, policy makers can promote this access by ensuring that they are considered without unwarranted attention to criminal records as well as reducing rules that ban ex-offenders from public housing.
Albright, S. and F. Denq. “Employer Attitudes toward Hiring Ex-Offenders.”
The Prison Journal. 76(2):118-137. 1996.
Bernstein, Jared and Ellen Houston. Crime and Work: What We Can Learn from the
Low-Wage Labor Market. Washington DC: Economic Policy Institute. Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2007.