Asthma is among the chronic diseases that affect people from all part of the world. It is most common in children, affecting approximately 7 million youngsters (Rees, Kanabar & Pattani, 2010). It pathophysiology is complex, and it involves inflammation of the airway, intermittent airflow obstruction, and bronchial hyperresponsiveness. The disease is known as a particular pattern of inflammation that is mostly caused by immunoglobulin (Ig) E- dependent mechanisms (Douglas & Elward, 2011).
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Treatment involves working with a doctor, avoiding asthma triggers and taking prescribed drugs. The main aim of acute and chronic asthma is to prevent symptoms such as coughing, maintain lung function, and prevent an asthma attack.
Douglas, G., & Elward, K. (2011). Asthma. London: Manson.
Hersh, D., & Sharma, P. (2013). Acute Asthma Management. Journal of Asthma & Allergy Educators, 4(1), 30-32. doi:10.1177/2150129712474433