Advanced practice nursing refers to the registered nurses who have the right experience and have gained advanced preparation for expanded clinical practice by getting a master’s degree in nursing. They have specific skills and knowledge that differentiate them from other registered nurses. Advanced nurses have special skills in acute care, critical care, care for specific populations such as children, neonatal care, oncology, operating subspecialties, and midwifery (Brassard, 2013). They have special skills and are able to care for patients with complex health conditions and can perform sensitive technical procedures.
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It has eliminated the challenges of introducing the roles of nursing and in some states APNs are allowed to perform certain functions independently. Research indicates that APNs can perform the functions of physicians equally and sometimes better. APRN consensus report has shaped the APN and defined the right education, certification, accreditation, and licensure. Though APRN has been criticized for failing to provide the right environment and structures for advanced practice nursing, it has provided a collaborative and systematic environment for advanced nursing to take place. It has created an environment that supports role development of nursing.
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