Abortion and Consequentialism Ethics
Consequentialism means that the consequence of a person’s actions is the basis for judging how good or bad the action taken was. Consequently any act that is considered morally right is any act whose outcome is good. That means the “end justifies the means” (Smith, 2000). This is to say that if the final objective is morally desirable enough, then all and every means chosen to attain it is justifiable.
This is to say that if the reason for conducting the abortion is adequately justifiable and if the outcome is deemed to be good and desirable, the act of abortion is therefore considered to be moral (Heinze, 2005). There are several reasons why people opt for abortion. These include rape, unplanned pregnancy and situations putting the mother’s life at risk if she carries on with the pregnancy.
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For a situation where the mother faces a situation of either remaining with the child and risk losing her life or abort and save her life, preferential consequentialism would advocate for her to carry out the abortion. The reason is that saving the mother’s life is the end consequence of the action which is abortion (Heinze, 2005). That means that the preferred end (saving the mother’s life) is moral enough to justify the action (abortion).
Smith, D. M. (2000). Moral geographies. Ethics in a world of difference. Edinburgh.
Heinze, E. A. (2005). Commonsense morality and the consequentialist ethics of humanitarian intervention. Journal of Military Ethics, 4(3), 168-182.